Online ISSN 2286-0266
Print ISSN 1223-0685
Copyright © 2013
Œconomica by SOREC
Octavian-Dragomir JORA
Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureşti

Asociată existenţei omeneşti este “teritorialitatea”, cu corolarul ei “de dincolo”. Înainte de a-şi marca, proprietarian, fie în izolare, fie laolaltă, spaţiul fizic vital, omul desenează migălos teritorii mentale. Îşi are o zonă de confort, care în sensul social al fiinţării se reclădeşte prin “comunicare şi cuminecare“, una pe care am putea-o cataloga culturală, dincolo de care (se) naşte o alteritate ce îl ispiteşte, îi repugnă, îl învârtoşează sau înfricoşează. Universul teleologic, originar în gândire şi prelungit în faptă, se joacă între “aici” şi “acolo”: între o proximitate ordonată intelectual şi cadastrată interpersonal – fie prin afecţiune, afinitate şi ataşament verificate (Gemeinschaft), fie prin diviziune a muncii, concurenţă în cooperare şi schimburi contractualizate (Gesellschaft) – şi o străinătate apriori indigestă mental.

ŒCONOMICA nr. 2/2014
Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureşti

Over the last two decades the seeds of a New Space Era have been planted as a result of significant leaps in knowledge and technology. Whilst hampered by the tumultuous nature of our times, these seeds are growing due to a wave of entrepreneurs, industrialists and billionaire space enthusiasts that, for the first time ever, have enough wealth and the technology to drive space exploration.

ŒCONOMICA no. 2/2014
Keywords: techno-philanthropists, exponential technologies, exoeconomics, astropolitics
JEL: D83, L26, O14, Z19
Towards ExoEconomics: Developing an off-Planet Economy and Its Implications [Drumul către ExoEconomie: dezvoltarea unei economii extraplanetare şi implicaţiile acestui proces]
Universitatea \"Transilvania\" din Braşov
The present paper is an exercise to sociologically recover a story reported in a travel diary of a Western diplomat, who was passing through Moldova, at the end of the eighteenth century, where there are three characters belonging to three different cultures: a Moldovan, a Turkish and a French. At first sight, we could circumscribe the whole story in the framework of the Thomas theorem.

ŒCONOMICA no. 2/2014
Keywords: autonomy, bios, natural law, positive law, subjective freedom, power of sovereignty, stress, trauma, nude life, violence, zoé
JEL: A14, D83, H11, Z13
Trauma versus Stress: An East-West Story from the End of the 18th Century [Traumă versus Stres: o poveste Est-Vest de la finele secolului al XVIII-lea]
Academia Română
The paper aims to discuss the concept of truth in its relation with causality. More exactly, the relation of causality between… causality and truth recognition is exposed and debated. The three types of truth are presented and examined in the light of the paper purpose, commenting on the consequences of the concordance-truth type, as well as crucial questions in knowledge and praxeology.

ŒCONOMICA no. 2/2014
Keywords: truth, correspondence-truth, concordance-truth, coherence-truth, praxeology, quadrivalent logic
JEL: B41, C00, E17
Causality and Truth [Cauzalitate şi adevăr]
Alexandru POPOVICI
Universitatea Româno-Americană
Based on the ontological and epistemological problems and solutions exposed in the previous paper, we scrutinize the philosophical grounds of three main schools of economics. They are not opposing one another as solid blocks of incompatible ideas and theories, but each school contains different approaches and trends, which maintain their internal life and sustain the dialogue between them.

ŒCONOMICA no. 2/2014
Keywords: philosophy of economics, ontology, epistemology, knowledge methods
JEL: A10, A12, B00, B31, B41
The Philosophy of Economics. The Austrian, Neo-Keynesian, and Neo-Marxist Schools [Filozofia ştiinţelor economice. Şcolile Austriacă, neo-keynesiană şi neo-marxistă]
Université Toulouse 1 Capitole

This paper investigates the main determinants of the market-assessed sovereign risk premium in Romania, measured by the Option-Adjusted Spreads, from 2003 to 2013. The results show that the dynamics of sovereign spreads can be explained by both risk aversion indicators and macroeconomic fundamentals. Domestic fundamentals are found to be significant in explaining those spreads.

ŒCONOMICA no. 2/2014
Keywords: sovereign spreads, macroeconomic fundamentals, European volatility, financial crisis, risk premium shocks
JEL: C22, C32, E43, E44, E58, F34, G12
Modelling the Dynamics of Sovereign Risk Premium [Modelarea dinamicii primei de risc suveran]
Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureşti

Focused especially on the causes, Woods elegantly discovers in the tradition of the Austrian School of economics that the main culprit for the creation of crises is the monetary system’s nature. As he goes, this is a system that allows a process of artificially expanded money supply which necessarily leads to the general increase in the price level (inflation) that erodes the purchasing power of people’s money.

ŒCONOMICA no. 2/2014
Keywords: crisis, money, bailout, depression
JEL: B53, E31, E32, E42, F44, H81
Boom-Bust Cycles are Not in the Nature of Things (Review of \"Meltdown. A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse\", by Thomas E. Woods Jr.)