Online ISSN 2286-0266
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Œconomica by SOREC
 
Octavian-Dragomir JORA
Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureşti
Lumea în sens larg este formată din oameni care “sfinţesc” locuri, din timpuri şi spaţii. Nicolae Iorga îşi descria, şi eminent, şi empatic, domeniul său de excelenţă, istoria, astfel: “[d]isciplina cea mai umană din toate, pentru că lărgeşte viaţa, prin perspectiva imensă a trecutului, prin presimţirea viitorului fără de capăt. Nu există disciplină omenească prin care să ne facem mai sociabili, mai altruişti, mai iubitori de om şi de viaţă”. Istoria “adevărată” nu depinde doar de accesul la arhive şi săpături în situri arheologice, ci şi de limpezimea minţii cu care ştergem praful de pe ele. Simion Mehedinţi definea sfera disciplinei sale: “[g]eografia [drept] ştiinţa Pământului considerat în relaţia reciprocă a maselor celor patru învelişuri atât din punct de vedere static (al distribuirii în spaţiu), cât şi din punct de vedere dinamic (al transformării în timp)”. Privite şi mai apăsat prin ochii speciei umane, litosfera, hidrosfera, atmosfera şi biosfera nu sunt altceva decât stocuri şi fluxuri de resurse la dispoziţia “antroposferei”.

ŒCONOMICA nr. 3/2017
ECONOMIC HISTORIES AND GEOGRAPHIES [ISTORII ŞI GEOGRAFII ECONOMICE]
Emil DINGA
Academia Română
Society is a component element of Popper’s third world, i.e., of the world formed by objectivizing the content of thoughts (ideas, theories, desirability, etc.), objectivation achieved mostly by social action. This means that the social “objects” (i.e., economic) appear, become and disappear only by social action. One may say that the social ontology is, simply, the effect of the social praxeology.

ŒCONOMICA no. 3/2017
Keywords: political product, social construction, evolutionary process
JEL: P10, Z13
European Construction. Intellectual Project vs. Emergence [Construcţia europeană. Proiect intelectual vs. emergenţă]
Oana Maria STEPAN
Universitatea din Craiova
The hypothesis from which this research starts is represented by one of the biggest problems of the Cohesion Policy, namely the degree of difficulty related on demonstrating its efficiency results. From more than forty years of interventions, the contribution of Cohesion Policy reported to the economic development and growth is still constant and uncertain.

ŒCONOMICA no. 3/2017
Keywords: regulation, property, prices, EU structural funds, cohesion policy, economic growth, economic development
Economic Growth Analysis Based on the Cohesion Policy Instruments [Analiza creşterii economice bazată pe instrumentele politicii de coeziune]
Elena TĂLMĂCIAN
Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureşti
The focus of the present paper is on the importance that the chance to education has for those people who forced by the war in their home country (e.g., Syria and Iraq) have to relocate themselves and adapt to a foreign culture, the culture of the adoptive country (Romania). In some cases, taking this opportunity to be enrolled in official educational programmes may help the refugee integrate deeper and faster.

ŒCONOMICA no. 3/2017
Keywords: refugee influx in Romania, official educational programme, economic implications
JEL: H52, H75, I24, I25, J61
Education and Employment Chances for the Refugee Influx in Romania
Meral KAGITCI
Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureşti
In recent years, image and role of women entrepreneurs has received important facets, with significant results on the development of new jobs and also with aspects on a renewed company that can offer different perspectives and approaches to management, organization and business’ control. In the same time it is important for policy makers to have reliable information in this respect.

ŒCONOMICA no. 3/2017
Keywords: female entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship education, PIA, OECD, employment, employer, self-employed
JEL: A10, A19, J01, J16, J53, J70
Women Entrepreneurship: Enough Data for a Fair Analysis?
Nicoleta STOIANOVICI
Cercetător independent
Private actors have long embraced behavioural economics as a way to boost sales and profits, yet, until recently, the line of study had not been endowed with a front row seat in the hall of economic policy development. This year’s recipient of the Nobel Prize for Economics, Richard H. Thaler, increases the proportion of behavioural economists upon whom the prestigious award has been bestowed to 6%.

ŒCONOMICA no. 3/2017
Professor Thaler and “Libertarian Paternalism” (or Nobel Prize for “Nudging”) [Profesorul Thaler şi “paternalismul libertarian” (sau Premiu Nobel pentru “ghionturi”)]