Online ISSN 2286-0266
Print ISSN 1223-0685
© 2022 Œconomica by ASE & SOREC
 
Alexandra-Carmen BRAN
Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureşti
In the context of globalization and economic integration in recent decades, the relationship between the economy and national security has become increasingly close. For each state, these links represent both opportunities and potential threats to the country's national security. Definitions of national security have an important economic dimension, and economics cannot be easily separated from national security. The relationship between the sphere of national security and the economic sphere is complex and characterized by numerous close interconnections. For the purposes of this article, national security is understood as consisting in those aspects that relate to the protection of critical infrastructure, sectors and processes that are vital to the sustainable functioning of a society. We will analyze how potential threats to national security from economic factors can be understood through "risk vectors", which highlight the ways in which the components of the "economy" and "national security" interact. The economy has been and will always be one of the basic pillars for building a credible military power and for achieving a sufficient degree of security at the national, regional or international level. Professional, well-equipped armed forces capable of dealing with a wider range of risks and threats in the security environment cannot be ensured without adequate economic resources. There has always been a very close connection between the economy, technology and military potential. The more developed the economy, the more it is able to produce armaments and military equipment, especially in the new challenging conditions.

ŒCONOMICA no. 1-2/2022
Keywords: security, economic policies, threats, risk, power
JEL: F50, F51, F52, F59
The Economic Dimension as the Foundation of the Security of a State [Dimensiunea economică ca fundament al securităţii unui stat]